The goal of this book is to help HR decision makers recognize where to capture value from HR technology, learn how to demonstrate that value, and make better implementation decisions. The authors include topics such as how HR technology can deliver strategic value; whether to outsource HR processes, HR technology, and project management; training and change management; measuring value through ROI analyses and HR Analytics; and, how to evaluate and manage future HR innovations. Our approach is to introduce theoretical frameworks from management science to guide decision making about HR technology. These theoretical approaches provide a scientific basis and structure to analyze business challenges and improve decision making compared with using intuition alone or relying on vendor best practices. The theories and frameworks come from strategic management, economics, accounting, finance, organizational behavior, and information systems. This breadth helps managers understand the many ways HR technology decisions can increase value.