Incorporating J. D. Krumboltz’s (l979) social learning theory of career decision making, the author explores career development issues for gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (GLBTQ) adolescents and young adults. Unique challenges for the GLBTQ population are discussed, specific recommendations for effective career counseling with this population arc outlined, and suggestions for future research are presented. It is generally accepted that approximately 10% of people are gay or lesbian (Voeller, 1990). With the population of the United States recently reaching 300 million (U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, 2007), this approximates 30 million or more Americans. More than 40 million Americans are 10 to 19 years old (U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, 2008); thus, using the 10% approximation, more than 4 million adolescents and young adults may be predominately or exclusively homosexual. Recognizing that this figure does not include those who identify as bisexual, transgender, or questioning is essential. Even though in recent years people of differing sexual and gender orientations have been more widely visible and accepted, gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (GLBTQ) youth in particular face career decisions that are unique to the status quo.