INTRODUCTION HIV/AIDS poses a serious socioeconomic development challenge for Botswana. During 1992-2002, the rate of HIV prevalence among antenatal clinic attendees, aged 15-49 years, in Botswana increased from 13.8% to 35.4% (1). By 2003, the prevalence of HIV among pregnant women had increased to 37.4% (2). In all districts, the rates of HIV prevalence among pregnant women remained over 20%, with some districts exceeding 50% (3). Mortality across all age groups is on the rise, and life expectancy has declined and could be as low as 29 years by 2010. Owing to increased morbidity and mortality due to HIV/AIDS, the human development index of Botswana declined from 71 in 1996 to 122 in 1999/ 2000 (3).