The Constructivist Resume: Promoting the Career Adaptability of Graduate Students in Counseling Programs.
The authors present the constructivist resume, an original approach developed to promote professional identity development and career adaptability (i.e., concern, curiosity, confidence, and control) in students completing graduate level counselor training programs. The authors discuss underlying theories, including Super’s (1990; Super, Savickas, & Super, 1996) life span, life space theory and Peavy’s (1998) SocioDynamic Counseling Model, and their applications to career counseling. They also provide a detailed ease illustration, make practical recommendations, and note the advantages and limitations of the approach. The postmodern perspective views human knowing as a process of subjective meaning making in which knowledge is constructed by the individual. Constructivism, a relatively new theoretical counseling perspective, posits that individuals create meaning in their own lives. Savickas (1993) called for the increased development and application of constructivist approaches in career counseling to keep pace with contemporary society’s movement to a postmodern perspective. A clear indication of the profession’s affirmative response is reflected in the fact that today many career counseling textbooks include chapters devoted to constructivist approaches (e.g., Sharf, 2002; Zunker, 2006). In addition, there has been a recent increase in the development of constructivist career assessment techniques (Sharf, 2002) as well as constructivist applications to the career counseling process (Brott, 2005).